Demands for democratic reforms erupted in February 2011 and immediately faced violent repression. Women have participated massively in protests that have continued into 2012, as organisers, demonstrators and leaders. Women continue to struggle to enter the political sphere. Constitutional reforms in 2002 granted women the right to vote and to stand for election. Following partial elections in 2011, there are 4 women in the 40-seat parliament. Profoundly discriminatory laws and practices persist, preventing women from participating in public life and no measures have been taken to increase women's representation in political bodies.